Saturday, April 6, 2019
Human right issues Essay Example for Free
Human redress issues EssayIndias earliest settlements are believed to have developed in the culture hearths of the Indus Valley around 2600 B.C.E. and in the Ganges Valley around 1500 B.C.E. These societies were mainly composed of ethnic Dravidians who had an economy based on vocation and agricultural trade.Aryan tribes are believed to have then invaded the area after they migrated into the Indian subcontinent from the northwest. It is thought that they introduced the caste system which is still common in many parts of India today. During the 4th century B.C.E, Alexander the Greatintroduced Greek practices into the region when he expanded across Central Asia. During the 3rd century B.C.E, the Mauryan Empire came into power in India and was most successful under its emperor, Ashoka.Throughout subsequent periods Arab, Turkish and Mongolian stacks entered India and in 1526, a Mongol Empire was established there, which later expanded throughout most of northerly India. During this time, such landmarks as the Taj Mahal were overly constructed. Much of Indias history after the 1500s was then dominated by British influences. The first British closure was in 1619 with English East India Company at Surat. Shortly thereafter, permanent trading post capable in present-day Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata. British influence then continued to expand from these initialtrading stations and by the 1850s, most of India and other countries such as Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh were controlled by Britain.By the late 1800s, India began working toward license from Britain but it did not come until the 1940s however when Indian citizens began to unite and British Labor set Minister Clement Attlee began to push for Indias independence. On August 15, 1947, India officially became a dominion within the earth and Jawaharlal Nehru was named Indias Prime Minister. Indias first constitution was written shortly thereafter on January 26, 1950 and at that time, it officially became a member of the British Commonwealth. Since gaining its independence, India has undergone signifi sackt growth in terms of its population and economy however, there were periods of asymmetry in the pastoral and much of its population today lives extreme poverty. Government of IndiaToday Indias government is a federal republic with two legislative bodies. The legislative bodies consist of the Council of States, also called Rajya Sabha, and the Peoples Assembly, which is called the Lok Sabha. Indias executive branch has a chief of state and a head of government. There are also 28 states and seven due north territories in India. Economics Land Use in IndiaIndias economy today is a varied mixed bag of small village farming, ultramodern large scale agriculture as well as modern industries. The service sector is also an incredibly large part of Indias economy as many abroad companies such places as call centers located in the country. In addition to the service sector, India s largest industries are textiles, sustenance processing, steel, cement, mining equipment, petroleum, chemicals and computer software. Indias agricultural products include rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, tea, sugarcane, dairy products and livestock. Geography and Climate of IndiaThe geography of India is diverse and can be divided into three main regions. The first is the rugged, mountainous Himalayan region in the northern part of the country, while the second is called the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is in this region that most of Indias large-scale agriculture takes place. The third geographic region in India is the plateau region in the southern andcentral portions of the country.India also has three major(ip) river systems which have large deltas that take over a large portion of the land. These are the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. Indias mode is also varied but is tropical in the south and mainly temperate in the north. The country also has a pronounced monsoon season fro m June to September in it southern portion. More Facts about India Indias people are 80% Hindu, 13% Muslim and 2% Christian. These divisions have historically caused tensions between different spiritual groups. Hindi and English are Indias official languages, but there are also 17 regional languages that are considered official. India has several cities that have undergone place name changes such as Bombay being renamed Mumbai. These changes were mainly through in an effort to return the city names to local dialects, as opposed to British translations.